Country of Issue/Coding


Codes

APRA/AMCOS (Australian Performing Rights Association/Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners' Society) - Australasia
  Australia (Not found on Judie recordings - they say Made/Manufactured in Australia)
  New Zealand (Not found on Judie recordings - they say Made in New Zealand on Chrysalis releases and nothing stated on Rocket)
CMRRA (Canadian Musical Reproduction Rights Agency) - Canada
  (Not found on Judie recordings - they say Mfd. by MCA Records [Canada])
SACEM (Société des Auteurs, Compositeurs et éditeurs de Musique) - France
GEMA (Gesellschaft für Musikalische Aufführungs - und mechanische Vervielfältigungsrechte) - Germany
  (GEMA/STEMRA or GEMA/STEMRA/BIEM - (Ariola .. Munchen)
  Assumed to be German release for sale in Germany and export to Netherlands)
CORES - India
IMRO (Irish Music Rights Organisation) - Ireland
 (Not found on Judie recordings - they say Made in Ireland on Chrysalis releases,
 with nothing stated on Rocket releases which have paper labels)
SIAE (Società Italiana degli Autori ed Editori) - Italy
JASRAC (Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers) - Japan
STEMRA or BIEM/STEMRA (Stichting tot Exploitatie van Mechanische Reproduktierechten voor Auteurs) - Netherlands
  [Except 'I Never Know Where My Heart Is'- states Made in Holland]
  (GEMA/STEMRA - (Ariola .. Haarlem) Assumed to be Dutch pressing for sale in Netherlands and export to Germany)
  (GEMA/STEMRA/BIEM - (Ariola .. Munchen) Assumed to be German pressing for sale in Germany and export to Netherlands)
  (MCPS/BIEM/STEMRA - Assumed to be U.K. pressing for sale in U.K. and export to Netherlands)
NCB (Nordisk Copyright Bureau) - Performing rights societies for KODA in Denmark, STIM in Sweden, TEOSTO in Finland and TONO in Norway
  (Other than the NCB logo it is assumed that Judie recordings are for all four countries)
ASAMI (Association of the South African Music Industry) - South Africa [Called RISA - Recording Industry of South Africa - since 2000]
 (Not found on Judie recordings)
SGAE (Sociedad General de Autores y Editores) - Spain
ASCAP (American Society of Composers Authors and Publishers) and BMI (Broadcast Music Inc.) - U.S.A.
  (Not found on Judie albums - they say Mfd. by MCA Records ... Calif. and nothing stated on Videos)

 Saudi Arabia has no code - presumably because it has no copyright laws!

Note

BIEM (Bureau International des Societies Gerant les Droits d'Enregistrement et de Reproduction Mechanique) is a Europe-wide organisation that all other are affiliated to.